Coal, gas, and pellets are all fuel materials. Their job is to burn themselves and give you the heat you expect. But this burning job is yours. So, you need to know, How to start a coal fire properly or light it. Because, burning coal properly is a bit of a technical matter, not as easy as people think in common sense.

Coal is excellent as a fuel. It gives excellent flame and has a higher heat radiation capacity. Unfortunately, this coal found underground is not a renewable fuel, it’s bound to run out at some point. So we should have utmost caution and attention in using this fuel. In this article, we’ll discuss some of the processes that will help you to know how to start a coal fire and keep coal fire going properly.


Your pre-preparation should also be complete to get the perfect fire. You don’t have to do much to get a great fire. You can start a successful fire only if you have thorough preparation and focus on starting the fire. Remember, you cannot burn coal in all types of stoves or fireplaces. Also, you have to be very careful in this work.

1. Clean the Fire Grate

Clean the grate before starting the fire. If there is any by-product in the grate you will not get the fire completely but may get smoke. Moreover, your stove or fireplace will lose its ability in a short time.

2. Clean Your Fireplace

Old ash obstructs airflow. As a result, it causes incomplete combustion. So before you start a fire in your fireplace it is important to make sure it is clean.

3. Check the Chimney

Before you start burning, check the chimney. The chimney is sometimes close to the bird’s nest. As a result, these chimneys want to draft. Before you start a fire in your stove, make sure the chimney is clean.

4. Collect Solid Coal

If you want to keep the fire burning for a long time and better temperature, collect high-quality solid coal. If the coal is wet or moist, it will give you incomplete fire, and you will get smoke too.

5. Collect Firefighters and Fire Lighting Tools

These are the key materials to start a fire. Firefighters will help you to start a fire safely at the focus point of your fireplace or the exact point you have chosen to start a fire. At least two firefighters should be placed on top of the newspaper. And matches or fire lighting tools are the means of getting fire.

6. Ensure Dry Kindling

The prerequisite for starting a successful fire is how well the fire extinguishing equipment is fitted for light. So make sure your chosen kindling is dry enough.

While kindling is not the only option to start a fire in your fireplace, there are many more options at your fingertips. You can use matchlight charcoal or you may take another option.

7. Collect Dried Wood and Newspapers

To do this successfully you will need a few pieces of dry wood and a few pieces of dry newspaper. This will make the firebase in your fireplace much better and the fire will burn for a long time.

How to Start a Coal Fire?

After ensuring all the logistical support and space preparation to start the fire, you need to be ready for the lights to start on it. If the preparatory work is good, it will be easier to start a fire. You can start the process of starting the fire on the stove in 3 steps.

Step 1. Fireplace Built or Arranged

Here you have to play a key role in starting the fire. If you can’t structure the stove properly, you won’t get a good fire. First, you roll out some dry, old newspapers and spread them on the grate. Putting it this way means you will put a few pieces of wood on this ball-shaped paper. Keep the newspaper in such a way that there is plenty of space to allow air to flow.

Arrange the pieces of wood horizontally and they must sit on top of the paper.

In choosing wood, make sure that the wood is dry enough and relatively thin. Plywood takes less time to start a fire. However, weak and unfavorable wood can never be picked just for fire. 

Finally, place the coal on the wood. When selecting coal, try to make the coal the same size. Too small in size and weak ones are not good enough for airflow.

Step 2. Start the Fire

Now start the fire. Burn the papers in multiple places from the bottom up and do it as soon as possible, because if the paper takes time to burn, the heat will float between the ignition points. Coal will take time to burn.

So you have to make sure that the coal starts burning before the paper and wood are burnt. Remove the fire front for maximum airflow. If your paper doesn’t burn well, lighten it by placing a loose sheet of stuff under the grate.

Step 3. Final Task

In this step, you will observe and help the fireplace if necessary. Once a fire burns, ash and break-up coals can spread. You arrange these yourself around the edges and add some more coal in the middle. However, never throw coal in the fireplace. Then close the door and adjust the air controls.

Normally the fuel burner window should be full of flames, but not reach the chimney. Manage airflow to ensure your expected fire.

How to Keep a Coal Fire Burning Overnight?

How efficiently a coal stove will burn depends on the quality of the coal and its arrangement. It’s up to you to decide where you want to go. Here’s what you need to do-

1. Load Your Stove Properly

Frankly, if your fireplace has been on fire for a long time, first fill the stove to its highest level. Coal burns relatively fast. So the stove should be fully loaded. Since coal is burning from below, you need to have enough coal on top of your base to keep your fire going.

2. Close the Door of the Ash Pan

When you get some good flame, close the door of the ash pan, and the air vent below you can slide at about 1/4. If your dampers are in an almost closed position, adjust the dampers.

3. Select the Right Fireplace/Stove

You can’t burn coal in all the stoves in the market. Even stoves that are labeled together for wood and coal rarely work for coal, but are good for wood. A coal stove has a separate structure, a little deeper. If you don’t fit that description in the oven, you will have trouble continuing your anthracite.

4. Choose the Right Wood

Coal will be accompanied by a wood fire at the beginning. The relationship of wood with coal is deep. Coal does not burn without wood. So collect suitable seasoned wood for the stove. Start a good wood fire first and make sure a good bed of charcoal-burning red coal. Add coal to a pile, and add more wood on top of it.

5. Coal Burn at the Heap

The thing you need to know is, that you need to trim the ashes for burning fuel. Only coal burns completely in the heap. When arranging coal on the stove, make sure that the coal is not scattered. The coals in the heap are tight, so they burn for a long time.

How Do You Slack Coal Fire?

When it comes to slacking coal, there are a few things you need to keep in mind. First, you need to make sure that you have a good fire burning in your fire pit. This means that you need to have a good bed of coals to start with. Once you have a good bed of coal, you need to add more coal to the fire. The key to slacking coal is to add more coal slowly and carefully. You don’t want to add too much coal at once because it can cause the fire to flare up and become uncontrollable.

When you’re adding coal to the fire, you want to use a shovel to add the coal around the edges of the fire. You don’t want to add the coal directly on top of the fire because it can smother the fire and cause it to go out. Once you have the coal added to the fire, you want to let it burn for a little while before you start to slack it. This will allow the fire to start to burn down a little bit and make it easier to slack. To slack the coal, you want to use a poker or a stick to start pushing the coal to the side of the fire.

You don’t want to push all of the coal to one side, you want to push it around so that it’s evenly distributed. Once you have the coal slacked, you want to let it burn for a little while so that it can start to form a crust. This crust will help to keep the fire burning and will also make it easier to control.


Can I Burn Coal in a Fireplace?

Yes, you can, but not in all fireplaces. However, it is important to make sure that your fireplace is properly ventilated to avoid any safety hazards. Additionally, you should consult a professional to ensure that your fireplace is able to handle the heat from burning coal.

What Is the Best Way to Start a Coal Fire?

There are a few ways to start a coal fire, but the best way is to use a coal fire starter. This will help you get the fire going quickly and easily.

What Do I Need to Do to Prepare the Coal for Firing?

The coal should be placed on a fire grate in an even layer. Once the coal is placed on the grate, it should be tamped down so that it is level.
Once the coal is prepared, you will need to light it with a match or lighter. Hold the flame to the coal for a few seconds to get it started.

What Do I Do Once the Coal Fire Is Lit?

Once the coal fire is lit, you will need to add more coal to the fire to keep it going. You can do this by shoveling more coal onto the fire.

What Are Some Safety Tips I Should Keep in Mind When Using a Coal Fire?

There are a few safety tips you should keep in mind when using a coal fire.

  • Never leave your coal fire unattended.
  • Keep a fire extinguisher nearby in case of emergencies.
  • Make sure your chimney is clean and in good condition to avoid fires.
  • Never use accelerants such as gasoline to start or maintain your fire.
  • Be aware of the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning and have a working carbon monoxide detector in your home.


Coal stoves are one of the main ways to keep a home warm. It is an effective way to heat your home and save money at the same time. Maintenance time and financial costs are lower for a modern coal stove than many other stoves in general. However, you have to pay attention to the process of using it. Otherwise, you will not get your expected output.

However, in this article, we have tried to tell you how to start a coal fire safely and keep it burning overnight. We hope, it will be helpful to you. Enjoy your next day with the coal fire/ fireplace/ stove.

Related post: